Dissemination of IT for the Promotion of Materials Science (DoITPoMS)


Going further


  • Fletcher, Chemical Physics of Ice, CUP,1970.
  • Franks F, Biophysics and Biochemistry at Low Temperatures, CUP, 1985.
  • Greenwood G W, Greer A L, Herlach D M, & Kelton K F, Nucleation Control, Phil. Trans. Royal Society (A 361, no 1804, 15 Mar 2003), pp. 403-633.


  • Cryobiology - A Short Course
    An online course in cryobiology from the University of Calgary. Particularly useful are: chapter 1, which describes biological cells; chapter 6, on freezing as a crystallisation process; and chapter 12, on animal strategies for surviving in cold climates.
  • Ice Formation in Higher-Plant Cells
    A page describing freeze avoidance in plants on the Physiology Online website.
  • Resurrection Plant
    This page on the Union County College website describes the Selaginella lepidophylla resurrection plant.
  • Nucleation in Metals and Alloys
    This section from the online manual for the MATTER project's Materials Science on CD-ROM, gives more in-depth information about nucleation. The page refers to the nucleation of metals, but the same applies for nucleation of ice or minerals in cells.
  • Rana sylvatica (wood frog)
    This page on the Animal Diversity website of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology describes the freezing capabilities of the Northern Wood Frog.