- Fletcher, Chemical Physics of Ice, CUP,1970.
- Franks F, Biophysics and Biochemistry at Low Temperatures, CUP, 1985.
- Greenwood G W, Greer A L, Herlach D M, & Kelton K F, Nucleation Control, Phil. Trans. Royal Society (A 361, no 1804, 15 Mar 2003), pp. 403-633.
- A Short Course
An online course in cryobiology from the University of Calgary. Particularly useful are: chapter 1, which describes biological cells; chapter 6, on freezing as a crystallisation process; and chapter 12, on animal strategies for surviving in cold climates.
Formation in Higher-Plant Cells
A page describing freeze avoidance in plants on the Physiology Online website.
This page on the Union County College website describes the Selaginella lepidophylla resurrection plant.
in Metals and Alloys
This section from the online manual for the MATTER project's Materials Science on CD-ROM, gives more in-depth information about nucleation. The page refers to the nucleation of metals, but the same applies for nucleation of ice or minerals in cells.
sylvatica (wood frog)
This page on the Animal Diversity website of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology describes the freezing capabilities of the Northern Wood Frog.