Dissemination of IT for the Promotion of Materials Science (DoITPoMS)


Polymer mixtures

Mixtures of two polymers (polymer blends) also show transitions between single phase and two-phase states. If the enthalpic interactions are unfavourable, the mixture will exhibit an upper critical solution temperature. Thus the polymers will be immiscible at lower temperatures. They will be miscible at high temperatures due to reduced enthalpic interactions.

Phase diagram

This is similar to the solid solutions previously mentioned. Some polymer blends can exhibit a lower critical solution temperature instead. A mixture of polystyrene and poly(vinyl methylene) is miscible at lower temperatures due to favourable enthalpic interactions, and immiscible at higher temperatures due to free volume differences.

Phase diagram